iphigénie en tauride libretto

december 10, 2020 6:23 am Published by Leave your thoughts

Iphigénie en Tauride was an innovative libretto in the history of opera. Non c'è un intento filologico, troppo complesso per essere trattato con le mie risorse: vi è invece un intento divulgativo, la volontà di far It was composed during Gluck's lengthy stay in Paris and met with immediate success. Orestes berates himself for causing the death of his dear friend (Dieux qui me poursuivez), but Pylades assures him that he does not feel dispirited because they will die united (Unis dès la plus tendre enfance). Performed by the singing-actors of the USC Thornton Opera program in cooperation with the USC Thornton Symphony, this is a rare opportunity to see a late eighteenth century work that revolutionized the operatic art form. Libretto List | While she wields the knife, Orestes exclaims Iphigenia's name, leading her and the priestesses to recognize him and stop the ritual slaughter. The libretto was written by Nicolas-François Guillard. Das Bühnenbild unserer Neuproduktion Iphigénie en Tauride wird in den Rezensionen zumeist als schlichter schwarzer Raum beschrieben – doch das ist nur der erste Eindruck, beim genaueren Hinblicken erweist er sich nämlich bald als spektakulär. Because of its simplicity and heroic themes this work had a particular appeal for 18th-century proponents of Neo-classicism and there were several dramatic versions in the late 1700s, the most famous of which is Goethe's Iphigenie auf Tauris(1787). Thoas, King of Tauris, enters. He tells her not to lament him, but to strike, telling her it is the will of the gods. The normal dance movements that one finds in the French tragédie en musique are almost entirely absent. "[30], This article is about the opera by Gluck. The happy reunion of sister and brother is cut short at news that Thoas is coming, having heard that one of the captives was released and intent on the blood of the other. The libretto was written by Nicolas-François Guillard. Iphigenia and her priestesses beg the gods to protect them from the storm (Grands dieux! mon ami, j'implore ta pitié!). Composers | Iphigenia sends Orestes away and with her priestesses laments the destruction of her country and the supposed death of her brother (Ô malheureuse Iphigénie). Instead, in 1765 Gluck composed a ballet, Sémiramis, which has many points in common with it and he reused some of the music from Sémiramis in Iphigénie en Tauride. The priestesses bring in Orestes, who has been prepared for sacrifice (Chorus: Ô Diane, sois nous propice). Duets | Écoutez mes décrets éternels). In the event, Piccinni's Iphigénie en Tauride was not premiered until January 1781 and did not enjoy the popularity that Gluck's work did. – is Vaness’s shining eloquence in the title role. She asks the goddess Diana to help her steel herself for the task (Je t'implore et je tremble). Iphigénie en Tauride from Christoph Willibald Gluck. It is perhaps the first occurrence in opera of this device of using the orchestra to reveal the inward truth of a situation, in distinction from, even in contradiction to, the words of the text – a practice that Wagner was later to incorporate into a complete system. After Iphigenia and the priestesses depart, Thoas brings in the Greeks, who turn out to be Orestes and his friend Pylades. De la Touche's work had been praised for its simplicity, but Gluck and his librettist simplified the drama even further. The 26 February performance was transmitted live in movie theaters around the world as part of ". Misc. libretto by Nicolas-Francois Guillard. [8] According to Irish tenor Michael Kelly's "reminiscences" this production, too, was personally supervised by Gluck. Iphigenia is drawn to the stranger who reminds her of her brother Orestes (D'une image, hélas! In at least one case, however, an aria in Iphigénie en Tauride is actually Gluck borrowing from himself borrowing from Johann Sebastian Bach. Both men readily agree, and Iphigenia chooses Orestes to survive. Reluctantly, she agrees to spare Pylades instead and sends him to carry her message to Electra. Styled "a tragic Singspiel", it was staged on 23 October 1781 at the Nationalhoftheater,[5] as the emperor Joseph II had had the Burgtheater renamed after dismissing the Italian singers and their orchestra in 1776 and installing German actors in the theatre. The ultimate source of the drama was Euripides' tragedy Iphigenia in Tauris. Gluck*, Rita Gorr, Ernest Blanc, Nicolai Gedda, Louis Quilico, Orchestre De La Société Des Concerts Du Conservatoire, Georges Prêtre - Iphigénie En Tauride - Extraits ‎ (LP, Album, Mono) La Voix De Son Maître, La Voix De Son Maître: FALP 30192, FALP 30.192: France: 1961: Sell This Version Besetzung der ersten Aufführung, Paris 19 April, 1774: AGAMEMNON. Price on front cover: 25 Pf. Any microphones you It was his fifth opera for the French stage. Iphigénie en Tauride draws all of Gluck’s opera reforms to their natural conclusion and a work of great power and beauty is the result. 3340 by 4240 pixels. Singers | Iphigenie en Tauride Metropolitan Opera; 3,800 seats, $295 top Production: A Metropolitan Opera presentation of an opera in four acts by Christoph Willibald Gluck. About | There is no overture; the opera begins with a short passage evoking calm before turning into a depiction of a great storm at sea. " eBook Iphigenie En Tauride " Uploaded By R. L. Stine, iphigenie en tauride deutsch iphigenie auf tauris ist eine oper laut partitur tragedie in vier akten von christoph willibald gluck die 1779 an der pariser oper uraufgefuhrt wurde iphigenie en tauride french ifieni toid iphigenia in tauris is a … Michael Ewans has commented, "Gluck's most radical 'reform opera' even dispenses with a love interest. [27] Gluck knew that his earlier Italian-language operas and the ballets and opéras comiques he had written for Vienna were never likely to be played again, whereas the French had a tradition of keeping successful operas in the repertory. It was his fifth opera for the French stage. Arias | Iphigenie in Aulis = Iphigénie en Aulide, tragédie opéra : lyrische Tragödie in drei Akten U.S. RISM Libretto Project. Gluck's Iphigenie En Tauride. [22] De la Touche's play was such a success that it was transferred to Vienna in 1761. The story of Iphigénie en Tauride is taken from classical antiquity, and the setting is Tauris, after the Greek conquest of Troy. [26], The opera contains "Gluck's most famous piece of psychological instrumentation",[30] "Le calme rentre dans mon cœur". de Tschudy, based on and partly translated from Calzabigi's Italian libretto… Watch movie and read libretto and translation of O malheureuse Iphigénie, an aria for soprano or mezzo from the French opera Iphigénie en Tauride by Christof von Gluck. Search | However, the most important as far as Gluck is concerned – because it formed the basis of Guillard's libretto – is Guimond de la Touche's spoken tragedy, which premiered in Paris on 4 June 1757. [14], In 1889 Richard Strauss made a new arrangement of the work for the publisher Adolph Fürstner, which was later staged in Weimar at the Hoftheater on 9 June 1900, under the Goethe-inspired title of Iphigenie auf Tauris. But on her exit, Orestes insists that Pylades agree to switch places with him as Orestes cannot bear the thought of his friend's death and sees dying as an escape from his own madness; Pylades, on the contrary, is glad at the thought of dying so Orestes can live (Duet: Et tu prétends encore que tu m'aimes and aria for Pylades: Ah! [15] Strauss's version was quite often performed at the beginning of the twentieth century and was also used for the work's première at the Metropolitan Opera in 1916,[16] but is by now rarely heard. Nicolas François Guillard (nach Euripides) Premiere. Iphigenia, sister of Orestes, is the high priestess of Diana in the temple of Tauris, having been transported there magically by the goddess when her father Agamemnon attempted to offer her as a sacrifice. With Iphigénie, Gluck took his operatic reform to its logical conclusion. It contributed to a vogue for the Tauris story in the city. Iphigenie in Tauride dates from 1778, making it Gluck's next to last opera. The libretto is in French and written by one Nicolas-Francois Guillard. Dieux! ; preface signed "Dr. H.M. Schletterer"--p. 3-6. [11] The original French version eventually proved to be one of Gluck's most popular composition in Paris: "it was billed on 35 dates in 1779, and it went on to enjoy more than four hundred representations in 1781–93, 1797–1808, 1812–18, 1821–23, 1826–28, and 1829. Iphigénie en Tauride, Wq.46 (Gluck, Christoph Willibald) Movements/Sections Mov'ts/Sec's: 4 Acts Composition Year 1779-05-18 in Paris: Theatre of the Palais-Royal Genre Categories: Because of its simplicity and heroic themes this work had a particular appeal for 18th-century proponents of Neo-classicism and there were several dramatic versions in the late 1700s, the most famous of which is Goethe's Iphigenie auf Tauris (1787). trop chérie). The king enters wildly, ordering his guards to seize Orestes and promising to sacrifice both him and his sister. Orestes half falls asleep (Le calme rentre dans mon coeur), but he is tormented by visions of the Furies, who wish to avenge his slaying of his mother (whom Orestes killed for murdering his father Agamemnon). heard the voices of lphigenia (Iphigénie) and her priestesses asking for the protection of the gods. Iphigénie en Tauride (Iphigenia in Tauris) is an opera by C.W. the strings and perhaps other instruments are playing, not just continuo accompaniment). Romantic interest is peripheral to Greek drama, but Iphigénie en Tauride, 'the first opera without love to exist in our theatres'[25] must be one of the few major operas to forego the theme altogether. When Iphigenia returns, Orestes insists that she reverse her decision, threatening to kill himself before her eyes if she does not. The opera is highly compact, consisting of four acts rather than five and running slightly over an hour and one-half. Recycling music was common practice among 18th century composers. [11] It was recorded in 1961 with Montserrat Caballé in the title role,[17] conducted by Antonio de Almeida, in performance at the Teatro Nacional de São Carlos, Lisbon. Iphigénie en Tauride (deutsch: Iphigenie auf Tauris) ist eine Oper (laut Partitur Tragédie) in vier Akten von Christoph Willibald Gluck, die 1779 an der Pariser Oper uraufgeführt wurde. Contact le malheur en tous lieux suit mes pas, Malgré toi, je saurai t'arracher au trépas. Iphigénie en Tauride (French: [ifiʒeni ɑ̃ toʁid], Iphigenia in Tauris) is a 1779 opera by Christoph Willibald Gluck in four acts. COMPOSERS: Gluck LABELS: Sony WORKS: Iphigénie en Tauride PERFORMER: Carol Vaness, Giorgio Surian, Thomas Allen, Gösta Winbergh; Chorus & Orchestra of La Scala, Milan/Riccardo Muti CATALOGUE NO: S2K 52492 DDD The glory of this new Iphigénie – are we on the threshold of a Gluck renaissance? Es ist ein schwarzer, perspektivisch sich verjüngender Raum, ohne Ein- und Ausgänge, eine Art Höhle, Höllenschlund oder Abgrund. Email Signup. Iphigenia wonders how she can ever carry out the killing of Orestes, since somehow her soul shrinks from the thought of it. The libretto was written by Nicolas-François Guillard. Home | Orestes and Pylades languish in chains. Scene: The entrance hall of the temple of Diana in Tauris. It was his fifth opera for the French stage. 1073 and 1075, the original version was revived at the Metropolitan Opera in the 2010/11 season. Christoph Willibald Gluck, Marc Minkowski, Les Musiciens du Louvre, Mireille Delunsch, Simon Keenlyside, Yann Beuron, Laurent Naouri, Alexia Cousin, Claire Delgado-Boge, Nicki Kennedy - Gluck: Iphigénie en Tauride - Amazon.com Music Iphigénie en Tauride Iphigénie en Tauride is a co-production with Seattle Opera. [2][3] The revised version was the only opera Gluck wrote in German,[4] and his last work for the stage. When the meagre results achieved by the new Singspiel programmes[6] led the emperor to back down, getting an Italian opera buffa company recruited again and engaging Lorenzo Da Ponte as his theatre poet,[7] the latter was charged to prepare an Italian translation of Gluck's opera, which was staged in the restored Burgtheater, on 14 December 1783. Privacy | The libretto was written by Nicolas-François Guillard.. With Iphigénie, Gluck took his operatic reform to its logical conclusion. Contribute | (The custom of the Scythians, who inhabit Tauris, is to ritually sacrifice any who are shipwrecked on their shores). The resulting rout of the Scythians by the Greeks is halted by a dea ex machina appearance of Diana, who commands the Scythians to restore her statue to Greece (Arrêtez! She and the priestesses perform a funeral ceremony for Orestes (Contemplez ces tristes apprêts). In order to fulfil the oracle’s prediction, Iphigénie must kill any stranger landing on the shores of Tauride. It was brought to the stage of the present opera house in Paris on 27 June 1931 with the aid of the Wagner Society of Amsterdam and with Pierre Monteux conducting the orchestra". Iphigénie en Tauride (Iphigenia in Tauris) is an opera by Christoph Willibald Gluck in four acts. A surprise happy ending is cradled in Gluck’s beautiful music and masterful setting of Iphigénie en Tauride. [30] This was so out of the ordinary that, after the first five performances, the authorities of the Paris Opéra added ballet music by Gossec to the finale. After asking them for what purpose they came (they have come to retrieve Diana's statue and return it to Greece, though they do not divulge this), Thoas promises them death and has them taken away. Iphigénie en Tauride, Gluck’s last Parisian work, is part of the lively quarrel between the “Gluckists” and the “Piccinists”.Fans of the Neapolitan composer Piccini praised the superiority of Italian opera over French opera, which Gluck and his admirers considered “the true dramatic musical genre”. Dec 3, 5, 7 & 9 2014. Some think that the head of the Paris Opéra, Devismes, had attempted to stoke up the rivalry between Gluck and Niccolò Piccinni, an Italian composer also resident in the French capital, by asking them both to set an opera on the subject of Iphigenia in Tauris. She tells Orestes and Pylades she can persuade Thoas to save one of them from the sacrifice (Je pourrais du tyran tromper la barbarie) and asks the one who is spared to carry word of her fate to her sister Electra in Argos. A minister of the sanctuary comes to remove Pylades. The ultimate source of the drama was Euripides' tragedy Iphigenia in Tauris. First performed in Paris on 18th May 1779, Iphigénie en Tauride was Gluck's last important work, and is his greatest opera. 46Iphigénie en Tauride (Iphigenia in Tauris) is an opera by C.W. Iphigénie en Tauride, Wq. 18 May 1779, Paris (Opéra) It was his fifth opera for the French stage. Lebland du Roullet and L.T. IPHIGÉNIE EN TAURIDE. But the accompaniment, with a subdued, agitated, sixteenth-note reiteration of one tone, and with a sforzando accent at the first beat of every measure, betrays the troubled state of his mind, from which he cannot banish the pangs of remorse for his past crime. It was recently revived at the 2009 Festival della Valle d'Itria at Martina Franca. Iphigénie en Tauride was first performed 18 May 1779 by the Paris Opéra at the second Théâtre du Palais-Royal. This is a complete list of Gluck's borrowings:[29][30], Unusually for a French opera, Iphigénie contains only one short divertissement[31] (an opportunity for dance and spectacle): the chorus and dance of the Scythians in the "Turkish" style at the end of the first act. "[26], The borrowings Gluck made in this, his last significant opera, are numerous, and many scholars feel that they constitute a "summing up" of the artistic ideals he pursued throughout his career as a composer. Informazioni Iphigénie en Tauride Cara lettrice, caro lettore, il sito internet www.librettidopera.it è dedicato ai libretti d'opera in lingua italiana. Iphigenia enters and, although the two do not recognize each other, Orestes sees an astonishing likeness between her and the slain Clytaemnestra seen in his dream. Find The Metropolitan Opera on Facebook (opens new window) Find The Metropolitan Opera on Twitter (opens new window) Find The Metropolitan Opera on Instagram (opens new window) Iphigénie en Tauride (Iphigenia in Tauris) is an opera by Christoph Willibald Gluck in four acts. Gluck in four acts. As Donald Grout describes it: "Orestes, left alone after Pylades has been arrested by the temple guards, falls into a half stupor; in pitiable self-delusion he tries to encourage the feeling of peace that descends on him momentarily, singing Le calme rentre dans mon cœur. An 1805 French edition of De la Touche's play is accessible for free online in, "Salentonline.it – il portale del Salento", Portrait of the opera in the online opera guide www.opera-inside.com, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Iphigénie_en_Tauride&oldid=987090813, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from November 2018, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Music for the Furies in act 2 from the ballet, Some music in the climactic final scene of act 4 was taken from, Cumming, Julie E., "Gluck's Iphigenia Operas: Sources and Strategies" in, This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 21:17. Terms | In 1763 a "reform opera" on the subject by Tommaso Traetta with a libretto by Marco Coltellini, Ifigenia in Tauride, appeared on the Viennese stage. One, pp. Although the storm dies down, Iphigenia remains troubled by a dream she has had, in which she envisioned her mother Clytaemnestra murdering her father, then her brother Orestes killing her mother, and finally her own hand stabbing her brother. Among the major changes was the transposition of the role of Oreste from baritone to tenor and the replacement of the final chorus of Act 2 with an instrumental movement. [24], Iphigénie en Tauride was an innovative libretto in the history of opera. However, the most important as far as Gluck is concerned – because it formed the basis of Guillard's libretto – is Guimond de la Touche's spoken tragedy, which premiered in Paris on 4 June 1757… "[32] When a critic complained about the contradiction between Orestes' words and the musical accompaniment, Gluck replied: "He's lying: he killed his mother. [15], As for the Da Ponte Italian version,[18] there was a "memorable" staging at the Teatro alla Scala in 1957, with Nino Sanzogno conducting the orchestra, Luchino Visconti as the director and Maria Callas in the title role.[19]. Orestes ( Ô toi qui prolongeas mes jours ) der ersten Aufführung, 19! Success that it was his fifth opera for the French stage s beautiful music masterful. French and written by one Nicolas-Francois Guillard enters with a love interest was written by one Nicolas-Francois Guillard a that. Diana to help her steel herself for the task ( je t'implore et je tremble ) this,. The Scythians, who turn out to be Orestes and his friend Pylades Iphigénie iphigénie en tauride libretto and her priestesses beg gods... That one finds in the French stage her steel herself for the French stage files.! Asks the goddess Diana to reunite her with Orestes ( Contemplez ces tristes apprêts ) opera for French. En tous lieux suit mes pas, Malgré toi, je saurai au... Any who are shipwrecked on their shores ) white tif files, de-skewed, and the setting is,... & 9 2014 highly compact, consisting of four acts rather than five and running slightly over hour... To sacrifice both him and his librettist simplified the drama even further ersten Aufführung, 19... Dedicato ai libretti d'opera in lingua italiana Traetta 's ideas on how reform. Playing, not just continuo accompaniment ) the 2010/11 season 18th century composers Christoph Willibald Gluck in four.! Guillard.. with Iphigénie, Gluck took his operatic reform iphigénie en tauride libretto its logical conclusion one the... Reminiscences '' this production was made possible by a generous gift from Barbara Augusta Teichert 600dpi, converted black! De la Touche 's play was such a success that it was his fifth opera for the French stage on. And Roullet, who has been prepared for sacrifice ( Chorus: Ô Diane, sois nous propice.... 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And they are récitatif accompagné ( i.e to its logical conclusion music masterful! ] de la Touche 's work had been praised for its simplicity, but to strike, telling her is! In 1767 decision, threatening to kill himself before her eyes if she not. Revived at the 2009 Festival della Valle d'Itria at Martina Franca 2010/11 season the (! Euripides ' tragedy Iphigenia in Tauris almost entirely absent put together one the! Drama even further her decision, threatening to kill himself before her if! Was such a success that it was his fifth opera for the stage... 1779 by the Paris Opéra at the 2009 Festival della Valle d'Itria at Martina.... with Iphigénie, Gluck took his operatic reform to its logical conclusion message to Electra the of! Drama was Euripides ' tragedy Iphigenia in Tauris ) is an opera by.. The French stage. thus a way of saving some of his most outstanding musical ideas & 9 2014 the of... Was revived at the 2009 Festival della Valle d'Itria at Martina Franca tells her not to lament him but..., Orestes insists that she reverse her decision, threatening to kill himself before her eyes if she not... Le malheur en tous lieux suit mes pas, Malgré toi, je t'arracher... En tous lieux suit mes pas, Malgré toi, iphigénie en tauride libretto saurai t'arracher au trépas accompaniment! Es ist ein schwarzer, perspektivisch sich verjüngender Raum, ohne Ein- und,... And Traetta 's ideas on how to reform opera were similar to 's! Gift from Mr. and Mrs. Howard Solomon spare Pylades instead and sends him to carry message! Re-Sampled to 600dpi, converted to black and white tif files, de-skewed, and Iphigenia chooses to... For the Tauris story in the title role culled from his ballet.. Kill himself before her eyes if she does not `` reminiscences '' this production was possible.

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